Specimens are the main antagonists of Killing Floor. While they are widely referred to as zombies they are in fact failed experimental clones created by Horzine Biotech, a biotechnology company in London, England (It is not necessarily wrong to label them as zombies, however, as they behave in such a fashion). There are ten different specimens, each with different abilities and appearances. Along the game session, squad will face specimen in waves with trader time in between until they reach the final wave to confront the Patriarch. Wave count in a session is determined by game length.
During wave time specimens spawn randomly at pre-determined locations near to the players, providing there is something obscuring the view between all players and the chosen spawn area. Specimen can spawn at areas in the map limitations or pour in from out of reach barricaded areas. Rates for multiple groups and delay between specimen groups to spawn in the map can get tighter, depending on squad's killing rate in the last few seconds. When squad manages to kill so many specimen in quick succession, more than one group may spawn at once with long distances between them and the specimen groups that spawn have shorter delays between them to spawn. There's a high chance that higher threats will start to flank you from rear positions in case players dare to use cheesy techniques to overwhelm specimen. Unless modified by mutators, maximum amount of specimen to be present in the map is 32 at once.
Specimens' attributes determined by what called as difficulty multipliers and each are separate values for health, damage and movement speed that affect by player count or difficulty level, sometimes both. Health of specimen tied to difficulty for low grade specimen, in the case of medium and high threats alive player count comes into play too. Specimen damage value scales with difficulty and has a small random spread for melee attacks and some special attacks. Movement speed of specimen again scales with difficulty and may vary with random spread at their initial spawn and their special attacks.
For cutting down time in a wave and keeping players alerted, specimen gain an immense hidden speed when any player or spectator don't have sightline on them. Hidden speed is well above four to five times of standard specimen movement speed. This bonus only scales up with player count in the game and applies to all difficulties regardless of alive player count. Out of view speed ceases and applies back regarding of player and spectators observing specimen. This allows flanking groups to cut the chase of kiting player or players easily if one is careless about spawn rates.
Specimen can replenish some of their health from killing players when themselves are injured and are below 90% health, roughly healing 10% of current value for each kill until they hit back over 90% again else, wipe the squad finally. Specimen that kill players with ranged attacks or have more than 90% health when they scored a melee kill, will not heal back from the kill. Low threat specimens also have cannibalistic tendencies and will feast on the corpses of recently deceased players or keep whittling at the dead body. During this time, other players can earn the "Dignity for the Dead" achievement. There is also a wide range of other achievements related to nonspecific Specimen kills. For a full list see Achievements.
|Clot||The Clot is one of the weakest and most common specimens. It possesses the ability to grab players.|
|Crawler||The Crawler is the weakest and most agile specimen. It often travels in groups and can spawn in unusual places.|
|Gorefast||The Gorefast is a moderately powerful specimen with the ability to charge players at short range.|
|Stalker||The Stalker is a weak specimen with the ability to camouflage herself.|
|Bloat||The Bloat is a large and slow specimen with a high amount of health and the ability to spew corrosive bile at its targets.|
|Husk||The Husk is a moderately powerful specimen with a ranged fireball attack that light anything on fire with its splash damage.|
|Siren||The Siren is a moderately powerful specimen with an area of effect scream that does not affect, and is not negated by, body armour.|
|Scrake||The Scrake is a very durable specimen that has a chainsaw in place of its hand. It charges at players in a never ceasing frantic state when it has low health.|
|Fleshpound||The Fleshpound is a very dangerous specimen when provoked by prolonged sight of a survivor while being unable to melee its target, or incurring beyond a damage threshold within a short period of time.|
|Patriarch||The Patriarch is the big bad boss, appearing in the final wave(5,8,11) depending on game length, capable of cloaking, equipped with a mini-gun, a rocket launcher, and three syringes to heal himself.|
The base statistics for a specimen are its statistics on Normal difficulty. The difficulty multipliers for health are x0.5 for beginner, x1.0 for normal, x1.35 for hard, x1.55 for suicidal and x1.75 for hell on earth. The bottom line of table; "Increase per player", refers to the amount of health added per additional player, before difficulty multipliers are applied. For example, to find an enemy's 6 player health, add 5 times the increase per player value shown on the table to their Normal difficulty base solo health then multiply the result with the intended difficulty's health multiplier; or multiply the health difficulty multiplier times the additional players and add that to the base specimen health shown on the table according the difficulty. Alternatively, just visit the specimen's individual page for more information.
Trash specimen keep their head and body health when new players join, medium and higher grade specimen only gain body health and high grade threats gain both body and head health per player alive. Specimen that are able to do so, only scale up maximum health based on the alive players. New middle of the wave joiners or any sort of dead players will not contribute to the health pool of specimen. When a player dies, remaining specimen will not have their health scaled down but new batch of 32 specimen will spawn with their health scaled down to reflect the alive player count. Trash specimen only get affected by current health multiplier of the difficulty, and their maximum total health remains constant along the match just like their head health.
Maximum total health of specimen scales up by current difficulty's health multiplier and for some specimen total health scales with current alive player count and specimen health multiplier of current difficulty. Only medium to high grade specimen scales up their total health with every alive player and difficulty multiplier. For ranged threats such as Siren and Husk this number is 10% gain per alive player, meat shield specimen such as Gorefast get 15%, Bloat and hulking specimen like Fleshpound get 25%, Scrake gets 50% and finally Patriarch gets 75% increase per alive player.
Maximum head health of specimen scales up by current difficulty's health multiplier for base solo play health and head health of specimen increases per alive player depending on their threat grade. Only high grade specimen scales up their head health with every alive player; for ranged threats this number is 10% gain per alive player and big specimen gets 30% increase per alive player. Weak specimen won't have their head health scale with alive players. Only specimen to not have a separate head health pool is Patriarch which is the boss specimen and head health is always lower than total health.
Landing a headshot on a specimen will calculate the damage after adding headshot multiplier with the exception of Buzzsaw, M99 and Crossbow which adds headshot multiplier on themselves to check for target resistance later. After specimen confirmed to get head damage, multipliers will be added and resulting damage will retracted from its head health and body health together. While separated head health pool is part of the total health and always smaller than the total health of specimen.
When a specimen's head health is exhausted, it will be decapitated. Upon decapitation specimen will incur extra decapitation damage to their body health depending on the power of weapon that last hit them. If last hit damage they incur is strong enough to wipe them out, they will die on the point of decapitation. Decap damage bonus is expressed as [(Last Damage Amount + (0.25 * Max Health of Specimen)) * (Resistance and Damage Multipliers)]; quarter of specimen maximum health added to the last damage they incur and this value multiplied by any headshot, incendiary direct and resistance or vulnerability multipliers depending on hit location of the specimen.
As head health is lower than the specimen's body health just whittling away its head health down to 0 with a weak weapon, will cause it to bleed away on decapitation. After a soft decapitation occurs that doesn't kill them, specimen will get the value Braindead, applied physics for ragdoll and slowly bleed out in a few seconds until they finally drop. Softly decapitating them with weak weapons will leave their bodies capable only of simple attacks, get headshot damage on body and wobble while walking slower for three to seven seconds aimlessly before they die. The ranged ones and other bulky specimen can stand headless for 5 seconds, Fleshpound is the only capable specimen to have bleed duration of 7 second upon a soft decapitation. Rest of the specimen only stays barely alive for 3 seconds when left to bleed out.
Head position on dedicated servers are not rendered server side on certain animations, so server has to use an approximation when trying to locate the head position on any pawn/target. When jumping, crouching or swimming animations, server places the head at the middle center of the said animations.
- Patriarch doesn't have a separate health pool for its head and can't be dismembered or decapitated unless dead.
Specimen gain damage bonus or lose efficiency compared to its base value, regarding the specific difficulty multiplier for specimen damage. This is 30% at Beginner, 100% at Normal, 125% at Hard, 150% at Suicidal and finally 175% at Hell on Earth. All specimen have a 5% spread at random on their melee attacks, causing attack damage to lose or gain 5% on hit at random. For very low damage melee attacks, this difference is nearly indistinguishable but still causes 1-2 damage difference per damage tick. For some big specimen with high damage however, that randomization can be the decisive factor if a player lives or dies in a bad scenario.
When specimen is lower than 90% of maximum health, melee attack kills performed by specimen upon the player will heal specimen for its current 10% of health. This healing mechanism has no exception and will heal any specimen that is low enough immediately as long as the last hit upon player is a melee attack. Specimen that use ranged attacks to kill players or over 90% maximum health, will not benefit from this healing mechanism in any way.
- All melee attacks randomized for up to 5% loss or gain.
- When softly decapitated to bleed out, Clot gain double damage and attack reach, he can pin down the player for 1.5 seconds at that state only.
- Crawlers can hit twice with their pounce if they collide with the target as they retreat.
- Stalkers can slash twice consecutively in two ticks, each single slash deals half damage of their base damage.
- Gorefast maximum charge distance is 700 units and when they charge from that distance they always move while slashing at target.
- Gorefast has a chance to charge at first sight of player that scales up with difficulty, up to 40%.
- Fleshpound gain 75% damage bonus when charging at enraged state.
- Fleshpound's one-two swing can hit twice but if he lands the first enraged hit, his enraged state will cease.
- Fleshpound's double grinder ticks for four times and can hit more when he pulls back. Ill advised to retaliate with a firearm upon being hit with that attack.
- Patriarch's melee attacks at solo games damage with 75% efficiency, in every difficulty.
- Patriarch's chest impale can hit twice if target is stuck at point blank or in mid-air.
- Patriarch's claw has a precision of targets for proximity at a 180 angle infront of him. Only prioritizes the closest single target.
- Patriarch's melee charge interval is 5-10 seconds, number of chained melee attacks in one charge attempt = 1-3.
- Patriarch's roundhouse sweep, triggers when there are 3 or more players around him and he takes any damage from players. It has no interval cooldown.
|Beginner||7||9||2||2 - 6||75|
|Normal||23||25||8||6 - 21||200|
|Hard||29||29||10||7 - 24||230|
|Suicidal||35||33||12||8 - 27||260|
|Hell on Earth||40||14|
- Bloat's projectile puke has a splash radius of 150 units and can be puked up to 250 units.
- Bloat's bile damage over time = 2 + [0~2] each 0.5sec *7 = 14~28 total damages over 3.5sec. Does not scale with difficulty, nor stacks.
- Husk's fireball interval is; Beginner = 7 - 8.8 sec, Normal = 5.5 - 7.5 sec, Hard = 4.1 - 6.1 sec, Sui/HoE = 3.3 - 5 sec.
- Siren scream only affects players, spreads 6 waves at one go with 700 units radius.
- Patriarch's minigun interval is 5-15 seconds, rocket launcher interval is 5-25 seconds.
- Patriarch Minigun sprays 59-94 bullets at one go with 0.06 spread with each exposure randomized between 0.75 - 1.25 seconds and high fire rate.
- Patriarch's Minigun deals 4-12 damage at Normal difficulty solo as the only exception. Rest of the difficulties deal same damage at solo play.
- Patriarch Rocket launcher scorches 500 radius area and has no minimal distance travel for arm time.
- Patriarch's Rocket launcher set back to 25% efficiency in Beginner and 37.5% efficiency in Normal at solo play.
The movement speed of specimens varies based on the difficulty, whether they are on land or in water, and if they have the ability to charge. Specimens cannot charge whilst in water. The difficulty modifiers for specimens' speed is 95% for beginner, 115% for hard, 122% for suicidal and 130% for Hell on Earth. All specimen has a very mild 10% spread randomization on their initial spawn. This might cause individual specimen to block shots for each other or stall behind at random, never giving an expected result at high difficulties against same encounters where this spread is very noticeable.
All jump heights are unique to the player and non-player characters in particular; there are no modifiers on the height specimens can jump. All specimen jump with 320-350 units velocity and their jump height will not vary or differ from each other by spread. For comparison, human players run at a speed of 214-238 units per second when in perfect health with Knife wielded, move 200 units per second at under water and jump with 325 units velocity but to a shorter height compared to specimen.
- All movement values have up to 10% random spread for higher or lower speed on specimen's initial spawn.
- Crawler's horizontal pounce distance is 250 units at once maximum.
- All specimen get 20% movement slow down and worse reaction times from getting burnt.
- Fleshpound will only ignore the effects of slowdown from being crisped while enraged.
- Patriarch is the only specimen to be completely immune to slowdown from burnt state.
Out of sightline speed
All specimen has a hidden speed when out of sightline to seek players faster when no spectators or other players observing them. This hidden is speed is unaffected by difficulty and scales up only by the players in the game regardless of their dead or alive state.
|Hidden Speed||With 1-3 players||With 4-5 players||With 6 players|
|For all Specimen||300||390||495|
Upon killing a specimen, the player is rewarded with a cash bounty. This bounty varies between specimens and difficulties. The base value is the bounty on Normal; for Beginner, this is doubled; for hard and suicidal/hell on earth, the floor values of 85% and 65% (respectively) are used. All values are in British pounds. While playing a short game (4+1 waves), all rewards are increased by 75%.
|Hell on Earth|
In a standard game, specimens first appear during certain waves, the timing varying according to the length of the game. The first, last, and final waves always contain the same specimens; in these waves the only thing that changes is the numbers of specimens, which is based on the game length and the number of players.
The final wave contains scripted spawns. The phases represent the number of healing syringes the Patriarch has used, out of three.
There are 5 unused/removed specimens from the game. They can be accessed via console or sandbox. 3 of which can be playable and none of them have their own original models. They are left in due to the coding from the KFMod.
|Shade||The Shade is a crawler that hops like mad. Causes serious amout of damage when several are around. Unlike the crawler, they do not crawl but already leap when they spawn.|
|Chain-Gunner||The Fleshpound Chaingunner is a Fleshpound that shoots from his left arm. It is very buggy and his "chaingun" arm moves around the place due to a lack of animation.|
|Wretch||In-game, Wretch (As well as Infected Soldier) is an invisible enemy with the hurt SFX of Stalker/Siren. They would die from either 1 - 3 hits. They cast a shadow and will still be "standing" when killed.|
|GoreFastSP||The Gorefast SP is Gorefast with more speed. No other major differences. Its reason for being made is unknown.|
|Infected Soldier||The Infected Soldier acted the same ways as the Wretch in the KF ModV1.|
Their console/sandbox name are
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